Unemployment in Europe in April 17

Jun 05, 2017 | Picture | Europe | Economics

At the end of last month Eurostat published a report related to the Unemployment Rate in Europe. This reports shows how Germany, Malta and Czechia had the lowest rates, whole Greece and Spain still have the highest. Still it’s remarkable how it has decrease both in Spain and Ireland.


Annual Inflation Rate in Europe

May 23, 2017 | Economics | Europe | Map

A couple of days ago Eurostats published a report describing the annual inflation rate in the EU area and some other non-EU european countries. As you can observe in the map above the baltic countries had the highest inflation rates (Estonia: 3.6%, Lithuania: 3.5% and Latvia: 3.3%), While Romania (0.6%), Ireland (0.7%) and Slovakia (0.8%) had the lowest ones.


Nice spring sky in Berlin

Apr 05, 2017 | Pictures | Berlin | Europe

In Berlin you get very frequently the chance to see nice sky worth to take a picture as it was the case today at the office.


EU Balance Trade

Apr 01, 2017 | Chart | Map | Europe

Eurostats offers a balance of trade dataset showing the trade surplus and deficit of each one of the European Union members. Germany is still the country with the highest surplus, compared to France and the UK that have the highest deficits:


Population in Europe Experiencing Depression

Mar 26, 2017 | Maps | Charts | Europe

Eurostats has an interesting dataset showing the percentage of the population experiencing depression in Europe. The map above shows that Hungary, Portugal and Sweden and the countries with a higher percentage of population experiencing depressive symptoms.

A breakdown by Sex shows that Portugal is the contry with the highest percentage of female population experiencing depression.


London

Mar 23, 2017 | Picture | London | Europe

Yesterday when I was working, I recieved a news notification related to a London Attack, where five people were killed and many other were injured after an attacker drove a car along a pavement near to the Parliament. I always enjoyed visiting London and Westmister near to the Thames river is beautiful. As I say when it happened in Berlin: I will keep visiting this amazing city and no terrorist is going to change that.


Water around Berlin

Mar 22, 2017 | Picture | Berlin | Europe

This morning when I was landing in Berlin I was staring at the window and I realised sometimes I forget how many lakes and water sources there are around Berlin. I shot this picture to remind myself about it.


Pay Gap in Europe

Mar 10, 2017 | Charts | Europe | Equality

A couple of days ago, on march th 8th, it was the international women’s day. I was chatting with some family member about this day should exist at all (there were arguing that the day should be everyday). I was checking the pay gap between Man in Women in the European countries and I think there is still a reason to celebrate this day.


Basel Fasnacht 2017 Lanterns

Mar 8, 2017 | Pictures | Basel | Europe

One of the most interesting parts of the Basel Fasnacht is the big latterns that participate on the parade on Monday morning. On tuesday they were exposed in Munsterplatz and this year there were a lot political motives related to politics and the far right trends. One of the most descriptive ones was this one.


Percentage of Europeans that do excersise

Mar 5, 2017 | Maps | Europe | Health

Eurostats has an interesting dataset with the time spent excersising per country in Europe. It’s not surprising that on the top of the list of the countries that excersises 2.5h or more are the Scandinavian countries: Iceland, Norway, Denmark, Finland and Sweden are on the top of the list. Way to go Scandinavia!


Window Picture

Feb 20, 2017 | Picture | Europe | Switzerland

Sometimes you look and the window and the view is so nice that it doesn’t look like a normal window but rather as a picture that was presented to you instead. That was the case today.


Unemployment Rate in Europe

Jan 9, 2017 | Chart | Map | Europe | Economics

Eurostat updated its unemployment rates figures http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=une_rt_m&lang=en. Iceland has one the lowest unemployment rate in Europe (followed by the Czechia and Germany), while Greece still have the highest, followed by Spain.


Personal Money Transfers in the EU

Dec 11, 2016 | Europe | Economy | Chart

Interesting dataset from Eurostats regarding personal transfer inflow / outflow across the European Union. On one hand France has biggest negative balance and on the other side Poland has the biggest positive one.


Synagogue in Basel

Dec 8, 2016 | Basel | Europe | Picture

This morning I was talking to my father in law and he mentioned he wanted to check out the Synagogue in Basel. I had no idea there was such a building in the city, but I checked online and discovered there is a neo-Byzantine domed structure indeed, originally constructed in 1868 and enlarged in 1892. Above there is a picture of this Synagogue.


First snow of 2016 in Sofia

Nov 29, 2016 | Bulgaria | Europe | Picture

This weekend I did a small city break to the Bulgarian capital. On my last day before coming back to Berlin I experienced my first snowing of 2016 and it was quite a big one as you can see on this picture of the Sveta Nedelya cathedral.


Insane Irish GDP Growth

Nov 21, 2016 | Europe | Ireland | Chart

This morning I was checking the GDP growth data in the European nations and I found out that last year it was particularly high in Malta, Czechia, Iceland and Sweden … but in Ireland it was insane!. An interesting article from The Irish Times, explains how despite this number being statistically correct it’s due to huge multinational companies moving assets to their Irish branches, for tax reasons.


Sunny Sunday in Freiburg

Nov 20, 2016 | Freiburg | Europe | Picture

We enjoyed the sunny sunday morning by making a quick visit to Freiburg. Last time I visited the city they were restoring this building and the result was great.


Beautiful vandalismArt in Karl-Marx-Allee

Nov 17, 2016 | Berlin | Europe | Picture

Everytime I bike through Karl-Marx-Allee and I cross this traffic light, I always smile, because I think this is a beautiful act of vandalismArt.


Yet Another Beautiful Berlin Sky

Oct 11, 2016 | Europe | Berlin | Picture

The sky in Berlin is not only amazing in Spring but it can be in Autumn as well. Yesterday a former colleague was visiting the office and when we went up to the terrace I had the chance to see this amazing sky.


Amazing iceland

Aug 30, 2016 | Europe | Iceland | Picture

In the last days I had the fortune to visit Iceland for the first time and I loved the country. The people are very friendly and the landscapes are just stunning. The capital Reykjavik has also very cool atmosphere and it can quite picturesque as you can observe in the picture above taken at the lake Tjörnin with the city hall in the background at the left corner.

Also look at the Geyser blowing off steam every couple of minutes.

And finally the Þingvellir National Park has some beautiful landscapes.


Conrad Schumann Statue

Aug 20, 2016 | Europe | Berlin | Picture

If you have never seen a picture with a soldier like the one in the statue above then you don’t know who is the soldier depicted in this piece, then you don’t know who is Comrad Schumann. This soldier from the East is one of the first and most famous defectors to West Germany when the border was being built and it was just a line of barbed wire. This is statue is located in a building near Bernauer Straße


Humboldt Forum Progress

Aug 19, 2016 | Europe | Berlin | Picture

A couple of days ago I was walking by the Berliner Dom and I realised I haven’t seen the progress of the Humboldt Forum construction in a while. The project is scheduled to finish in 2019 and as I you cans see in this picture it’s definitively moving along.


Europe Crude Marriage Rate

Aug 17, 2016 | Europe | Chart | Population

The Eurostas office has an Interesting dataset containing the crude marriage rate data for the last decades across EU. It’s quite remarkable how even if Portugal has one of the lowest rates in EU, it used to be one of highest in the 70’s.


Reconciliation Sculpture

Aug 10, 2016 | Europe | Berlin | Picture

I have walked by the Chapel of Reconciliation in Bernauer St. many times, but yesterday I noticed for the first time the sculpture you see above. It’s called Reconciliation and it was created originally by Josefina de Vasconcellos, an english artist of Brazilian ancestry and placed at the University of Bradford. According to wikipedia there are copies of this original work in the ruins of the Coventry Cathedral, the Hiroshima Peace Park and this one here in the Berlin Wall Memorial.


A year ago in Berlin

Aug 9, 2016 | Europe | Berlin | Picture

Time really flies by! One year ago I took this picture in Berlin.


German border in Görlitz

Aug 7, 2016 | Europe | Germany | Picture

The german border in the eastern part with Poland is located in the town of Görlitz that before 1945 it was a single town. This border post shows the end of the country


Population Change in Europe

Aug 5, 2016 | Europe | Chart | Population

Eurostats have an interesting dataset showing the population change across Europe including both the natural change and the net migration contribution. The graph above shows how the rapid decline trend is slowly reversing, but how migration is the main component of this change.


Unemployment Rate in Ireland

Aug 4, 2016 | Europe | Ireland | Chart

According to the central statistics office of ireland, the adjusted unemployment rate in the country during the last 2 months has been 7.8%. The trend is definitively going down. I blogged about it in January and it was more than 8% back then.


Nice picture in the Lustgarten

Jul 26, 2016 | Europe | Berlin | Picture

I have been living in Berlin for more than a year now and last weekend on a sleepless night I setup the site pics.inberl.in to check the different pictures I have been taking in the city. When I was browsing through my collection I found this cool photo I took in my first weeks in Berlin at the Lustgarten. I’m proud of the composition.


Mariastein Abbey

Jul 17, 2016 | Europe | Switzerland | Picture

In the Canton of Solothurn, Switzerland, relatively close to Basel there is a Benedictine monastery, called Mariastein. Apparently this place is a must for the catholics, but it’s also a nice to walk around in the fields as you can see on this picture we took yesterday."


UEFA European Championship 2016 Winners

Jul 11, 2016 | Europe | Map

Yesterday Portugal was able to win for the first time a Championship title in an international competition, with an amazing goal from Eder in the extra time. Well done Portugal.


Strausberger Platz

Jul 7, 2016 | Europe | Berlin | Picture

View of the TV Tower from the Strausberger Platz. Nice colors in the sky."


Unemployment In Europe

Jul 5, 2016 | Europe | Chart | Economics

The charts above contain unemployment data extracted from the Eurostat data sources. Even if the trend is going down it still quite high in countries such as Spain and Greece.


Iceland Population

Jul 3, 2016 | Europe | Chart | Iceland

Iceland Population. It's amazing how such a small country was able to go so far in the Eurocup. Well done Iceland!


Alcohol inflation in Europe

Jul 2, 2016 | Europe | Heatmap | Economy

Inflation data from Eurostats. Alcohol is a big item in many of the “vodka belt” countries:


Istanbul

Jun 29, 2016 | Europe | Istanbul | Picture

I was reading on the news that at least 36 people were killed in suicide attack at Istanbul airport. It's pretty sad that this amazing city has been hit by different terrorist attacks this year: the March suicide bombing in Beyoğlu district, the January bombing in the Sultanahmet district and now this attack at the airport. I had the chance to visit the city in 2013 and I loved it.


Sunday at the Tempelhofer Feld

Jun 28, 2016 | Europe | Berlin | Picture

Last weekend I watched the Ireland / France game in the Tempelhofer Feld (pitty we were so close to beat les bleus!). When I was leaving the place I shot this picture with an interesting composition


Wikipedia brexit trends

Jun 27, 2016 | Europe | Chart | UK

In the aftermath of the UK referendum on the European Union, the news media were discussing how there was a "regret" feeling and how the biritish people were trying to understand what they have voted for. If you look at the wikipedia trends about the UK Brexit and Irish Passport articles it seems to confirm this point.


Brexit breakdown results per region

Jun 26, 2016 | Europe | Chart | UK

The chart above contains a breakdown per region of the brexit vote results. In a nutshell England and Wales voted to leave (with the exception of london) and Scotland and Northern Ireland voted to remain.


Scotland voted to stay in the European Union

Jun 24, 2016 | Europe | Scotland | Picture | UK

It's shocking the UK decided to leave the European Union, but on the other hand Scotland voted clearly in favour of the UK staying in the EU by 62% to 38% - with all 32 council areas backing Remain. Heading towards a new Scottish independence referendum?


UEFA European Championship Winners

Jun 22, 2016 | Europe | Map | Heatmap

The UEFA European Championship is being played now in France and I was asking myself this morning what are the teams that have won this cup and how many times. The answer is Germany and Spain with 3 titles each. I didn't know but the winner of the first tournament of this type was the Soviet Union in 1960. You can check this map here


Brexit Polls

Jun 21, 2016 | Europe | Chart | UK

According to this wikipedia article that tracks all the polls related to the British referendum on the European Union membership (Brexit), it's going to be a close call even if the remain vote has been gaining ground in the last days.

In the last episode of last week tonight, John Oliver summarised quite nicely why leaving the European Union would such a bad deal for the United Kingdom. Crossing the fingers.


Another beautiful berlin sky

Jun 16, 2016 | Europe | Berlin | Picture

As I was mentioning a couple of days ago, the sky in Berlin during springtime is quite amazing!


The Most Bike Friendly Cities

Jun 13, 2016 | Europe | Chart | Transportation

Amsterdam and Copenhagen are the most bike friendliest cities in the World based on the Copenhagenize Index


Playing with light in Birgu

Jun 12, 2016 | Europe | Malta | Picture

Backlight is not necessary bad. Sometimes you get really nice silhouette pictures like this one I was able to shot in Birgu, Malta.


Fascinating Malta

Jun 11, 2016 | Europe | Malta | Picture

The island of Malta is in the middle of the mediterranean sea and it was in the past, a crossroad between Africa and Europe. The history of this place is therefore fascinating!.


Berliner Himmel

Jun 10, 2016 | Europe | Berlin | Picture

The Berlin sky is so photogenic during springtime!


Europe Death Statistics

Jun 8, 2016 | Europe | Chart | Health

Eurostat has a dataset with statistics on causes of death in the European Union (EU). The highest rate happened in the baltic countries of Latvia and Lithuania and Heart disease is the leading cause of death across Europe.



Bowie at the Wall of Fame Mural in Basel

May 29, 2016 | Europe | Basel | Picture

In downtown Basel there is a wall with a mural that shows portraits of rock stars like Janis Joplin, Keith Richert, Mick Jagger and David Bowie, that you can see on this picture.


Europe Population Structure

May 25, 2016 | Europe | Chart | Population

The european union statistical office has an interesting article related to the impact of demographic ageing within the European Union (EU). One of the data tables shows the breakdown of the population in the ages 0-14 years, 15-64 and more than 65. The previous chart shows this breakdown by country in the 0-14 and +65 brackets. It's interesting how Ireland is the youngest country by far.


Busiest Airports in Europe

May 18, 2016 | Europe | Graph | Travel

Graph with the busiest airports in Europe based on the passenger totals. Data from: Air Passenger Transport Statistics


Wandlitzer See

May 17, 2016 | Europe | Wandlitz | Picture

Yesterday I did I nice bike ride from Berlin to the Wandlitzer lake, located some 30 km north of the capital city. The area is really beautiful as you can see in this picture.


Berliner Dom

May 16, 2016 | Europe | Berlin | Picture


Berlin Salary Report

May 12, 2016 | Europe | Berlin | Economy

Yesterday at Jobspotting, the company where I work, we published the very interesting Berlin Salary Report with data and analysis related to the wages in the German capital city. One of the most interesting charts of the report is the treemap above that summarises the salary median based on the years of experience and the area of work.

As you can see on the graph the people working in Management and Software Development, have the highest salaries in the scale, and this is related with the years of experience. Interesting. #BerlinStartupSalaries


Another brick of the former wall

May 10, 2016 | Europe | Berlin | Picture | Wall

Walking from the Nordbanhoff through Gartenstraße, you arrive to the roundabout in Liesenstraße where there is a hidden but nice remain of the former wall.


Nice Berliner Skies

May 7, 2016 | Europe | Berlin | Picture

The weather is improving in Berlin and the skies are very nice again. This picture was taken in the colorful street of Oderbergerstraße


Visiting the hanseatic city of Stralsund

May 5, 2016 | Europe | Stralsund | Picture

The Hanseatic League was a confederation setup by different merchant guilds and the market towns where they operated with the purpose of mutual defense and commercial trading. Between 1400–1800 it dominated the trade in the northern coasts of Europe. The German city of Stralsund was one of the most import cities from this confederation.

Yesterday I had the opportunity to visit the city where I took this picture.


Nice light in Flughafen Berlin-Schönefeld

May 3, 2016 | Europe | Berlin | Picture

Last friday when I went to the airport to catch a flight I was able to capture this nice shot of the Berlin airport with the spring sunlight.


Berlin Wall in Niederkirchnerstraße

Apr 23, 2016 | Europe | Berlin | Picture

One of the last vestiges of the Berlin Wall in the Topography of terror in Niederkirchnerstraße


Europe average rating of life satisfaction

Apr 22, 2016 | Europe | Map | Society

Eurostats have a dataset with the average rating of life satisfaction by income quintile, household type and degree of urbanisation. The overall data shows the Scandinavian countries are the most satisfied, while Bulgaria and Serbia are the less satisfied.


Europe Population Density

Apr 14, 2016 | Europe | Map | Population

The European Union Stats office offers a dataset with the population density per country. The map above shows the latest data available from 2014. It's not surprising that Netherlands and Belgium have the highest density in continental Europe.



The spring is back in Berlin

Apr 4, 2016 | Europe | Berlin | Picture

Picture taken in the Görlitzer Park last weekend. It as a sunny and warm Saturday so the people poured to the Cafes and Parks in Berlin!


Acquisition Of Irish Citizenship Statistics

Apr 2, 2016 | Europe | Ireland | Chart | Treemap

The european union stats office publishes interesting statistics related to the acquisition of citizenship in the EU. Yesterday it was the anniversary of my Irish one, so I pulled out some stats related to the green island.

The first chart shows the increase in the number of new citizens from 2011, when the goverment streamlined the process of reviewing the applications, cutting a very important backlog.


The data has some additional information about the origin of the naturalised citizens both from the EU and Non-EU countries:

Living in Europe with an European passport defintively makes life way easier, so thank you very much Ireland.


100th Anniversary Of The Easter Rising In Ireland

Mar 27, 2016 | Europe | Ireland | Picture

Last weekend I visited Dublin for the 100th year anniversary of the Easter Rising, when Ireland started the process to become and independent republic. The city was absolutely packed as you can see in this picture taken at college green.


European Union GDP Treemap

Mar 25, 2016 | Europe | Economy | Treemap

Playing with treemaps. Here is one with the GDP of the countries from the European Union. Germany and the United Kingdom are the biggest ones.


Interesting Picture In Vitra Design Museum

Mar 19, 2016 | Germany | Europe | Picture

Interesting picture taken today in the vitra design museum when sun was starting to come down.


Where The Irish Emigrants Live

Mar 18, 2016 | Ireland | Europe | Map

Last thursday it was Saint Patrick’s Day and the Irish pubs were celebrating the occasion in Berlin. I remembered last year I also celebrated it in Dunedin NZ. The Irish TImes published a couple of years ago an article with data about where the Irish emigrants live in the world:

The usual suspects are on top of the list: United Kingdom, United States, Australia, Canada and South Africa.



Oberbaumbrücke On A Cloudy Day

Mar 12, 2016 | Berlin | Europe | Picture

Today we were walking along the east side gallery and when we pass by the Oberbaumbrücke, I got this picture of this landmark bridge on a cloudy day.


European Tourists In Berlin 2016

Mar 11, 2016 | Berlin | Europe | Map

Some weeks ago I wrote about the percentage of foreigners living in Berlin. The office for Statistics for Brandenburg Berlin offers an interesting dataset related to tourism and the foreigners visiting the city. The last data available is from January 2016 and it shows how the highest number of European tourists come from the UK:


Women International Day And Gender Gap

Mar 10, 2016 | World | Europe | Map

A couple of days ago it was celebrated the International Women’s Day. Even if some friends get offended by this day, I believe it’s important to highlight how unfortunately there are differences between men and women as reported by the WEC Genger Gap Report:

It's nice to see how this index is really good in Europe, particularly in the Scandinavian countires. Kudos to Iceland.

Country200620072008200920102011201220132014
Iceland0.78130.78360.79990.82760.84960.85300.86400.87310.8594
Finland0.79580.80440.81950.82520.82600.83830.84510.84210.8453
Norway0.79940.80590.82390.82270.84040.84040.84030.84170.8374
Sweden0.81330.81460.81390.81390.80240.80440.81590.81290.8165
Denmark0.74620.75190.75380.76280.77190.77780.77770.77790.8025
Nicaragua0.65660.64580.67470.70020.71760.72450.76970.77150.7894
Ireland0.73350.74570.75180.75970.77730.78300.78390.78230.7850
Philippines0.75160.76290.75680.75790.76540.76850.77570.78320.7814
Belgium0.70780.71980.71630.71650.75090.75310.76520.76840.7809


Asylum Seekers In Europe

Mar 7, 2016 | Europe | Chart | Politics | Social

Asylum is defined as the protection granted by a nation to someone who has left their native country as a political refugee, mainly for fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion. The raging conflict in Syria there has been sharp increase in the number of refugees coming to Europe.

The last quarterly data report by Eurostat demonstrates this upwards trend. Germany and Sweden have been the countries who have welcomed the highest number of asylum seekers.


Inflation In Europe

Feb 29, 2016 | Europe | Heatmap Table | Economy

Last Thursday the Eurostats Office published the inflation data for January 2016. Even if those numbers are definitively better than the hyperinflation happening in other regions of the world (cough … Venezuela), there is always the risk on deflation:

Now it's remarkable how the highest rate in Europe was Norway, a pretty expensive country already. I'm sorry for my Norwegian friends.


Soap Bubble In Prague

Feb 27, 2016 | Europe | Prague | Picture

This weekend I wanted to do a smal city break and I realised visiting Prague by train was relatively easy (it's only 4.5h by a direct train). I went there, met and chatted with a Czech friend and spend the rest of my visit walking around and taking pictures. One the most interesting ones I was able to get contains a street performer making huge soap bubbles. Here the colorful bubble make a nice contrast with the people staring and walking around.


Empty O'connell Street

Feb 25, 2016 | Europe | Ireland | Picture

Last week I provided at work a couple of my pictures for the article The Lowdown on Living and Working in Ireland . One of the pictures I selected was one of my favorite ones. A completely empy O’Connell street in a Monday morning:

I love this picture not only for the beatiful colors in the sky and the nice contrast they do with the shadows of some of the Dublin landmarks (The General Post Office and the Spire), but also because of the strange feeling of seeing one of the busiest spots in Dublin completely empty.


Brexit And The European Union Membership

Feb 23, 2016 | Europe | Uk | Map | Politics

Yesterday at the office we were discussing the issue about the possibility of the UK leaving the European Union. Actually we wrote in our company blog, what this brexit would mean for European workers, some time ago. But with all this brexit discussion, we forget the UK is actually one of the oldest members of the European Union (1973).

You can check this map in detail here


European Passenger Train Percentage

Feb 18, 2016 | Europe | World | Chart

Last december I have a slight problem with my ear and unfortunately I wasn’t able to fly for a little while. I was glad there is an amazing train system in Europe, so I had alternative to travel from an to Berlin. Here is a chart with percentage of train transportation percentage by country in Europe, coming from a dataset published by the European Stats office:

I have been lucky enough to use the trains on all those countries.


Foreign EU Citizens In Berlin By District

Feb 4, 2016 | Europe | Berlin | Map | Table

I wanted to wrap up this series of post I have been writing about the people living in Berlin, using data provided by the Statistical Office of Berlin-Brandenburg, with a final post about EU foreign citizens living in the city.

A couple of days ago I was discussing how Poland, Italy and Bulgaria where the EU countries with the highest number of expats living in the Berlin, but the data also contains a very interesting breakdown per district (berzik).

I put the totals in a density map:

I also used the specific countries data to create a matrix heatmap using an the tutorial on how to create a heatmap with jQuery and Tables. See the resulting table below:

There a couple of interesting conclussions from the data: Polish are definitively the highest minority from the EU countries and this can be observed in every district. Mitte is definitively the most popular district for most of the EU citizens and finally Marzahn-Hellersdorf is the least popular overall.


Berlin Picture In Autumn And Winter

Feb 3, 2016 | Europe | Berlin | Picture

Almost the same picture in two different seasons.


Foreign Europeans In Berlin

Feb 1, 2016 | Europe | Berlin | Map | Chart

Following my post yesterday I kept digging in the data published by the Statistical Office of Berlin-Brandenburg. I wanted to discover where most of the “Foreign” Europeans living in Berlin come from. Since the European Union agreement allows the free movement of people across the state members I was expecting that the number 1 slot was going to be taken by a country within the EU borders. Actually it’s Turkey the place with most immigrants living in Berlin with almost 100k people:

Now the second and third positions are from countries from the European Union: Poland and Italy. This is followed by one of the newcomers in the union: Bulgaria.


Unemployment In Ireland

Jan 25, 2016 | Europe | Ireland | Chart

The central office of statistics in Ireland website cso.ie has some interesting data tables that can downloaded, so yesterday I decided to pull out the unemployment data and plot it.

I was curious because when I arrived to the country the economy was doing really good, but I saw the changes during the crisis of 08. I thought it would be interesting to see what happened in the last years. Even if the unemployment level hasn't reached yet the numbers of 2005, I think the trend is definitively positive.